Interpretive Summary: Analysis of Cytochrome b gene variations shows that Amami rabbit (pentalagus furnessi) and European rabbit (oryctolagus cuniculus) have close genetic structure.
By: Surely Wallace
In an abstract published in the September 2016 issue of the Journal of Animal Science, scientists investigated the evolutionary relationship of the Amami rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi). The Amami rabbit is endemic to Tokunoshima and Amami-Ōshima, two islands north of Okinawa.
A total 69 rabbits from the islands were studied. The researchers focused on polymorphisms in mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. They identified new single nucleotide polymorphisms and haplotypes in the Amami rabbit. They also confirmed that the Amami rabbit is closely related to the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus).
Phylogenetic analysis of the Amami rabbit is especially important due to its endangered status. The authors suggest future studies which could reveal more details about the genetic relationships.
To view the full abstract, “Analysis of Cytochrome b gene variations shows that Amami rabbit (pentalagus furnessi) and European rabbit (oryctolagus cuniculus) have close genetic structure,” visit the Journal of Animal Science.