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Interpretive Summary: Grape seed tannin extract and polyunsaturated fatty acids affect in vitro ruminal fermentation and methane production

By: Lam Phuoc Thanh, Pham Truong Thoai Kha, Juan J. Loor, and Tran Thi Thuy Hang

Condensed tannins can modulate methane emissions and ruminal biohydrogenation, but effects depend on type and dose. We used an in vitro fermentation system to investigate the effect of increasing doses (0%, 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6%, and 0.8% dry matter) of grape tannin seed extract (GSTE) in a diet supplemented at 2.5% dry matter with soybean oil on methane production and biohydrogenation. Feeding soybean oil and GSTE at 0.6% and 0.8% reduced content of ruminal volatile fatty acids. Methane production (mL/g dry matter) was lower in the diet containing GSTE at 0.4%. Inclusion of GSTE at 0.2% and 0.4% increased concentration of C18:2 c9,c112, C18:3n3, c9,t11 conjugated linoleic acid and total polyunsaturated fatty acids after 24 h of incubation. The present findings contribute to a better understanding of the effect of condensed tannins from grape seed extract on ruminal fermentation and biohydrogenation.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.