Interpretive Summary: Assessment of diagnostic accuracy of biomarkers to assess lung consolidation in calves with induced bacterial pneumonia using receiver operating characteristic curves
By: Miriam Martin, Michael D. Kleinhenz, Shawnee R. Montgomery, Dale A. Blasi, Kelli M. Almes, Angela K. Baysinger, and Johann F. Coetzee
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the most economically significant disease for cattle producers in the United States, affecting 16.2% of cattle on feed. Cattle with advanced lung lesions at harvest have reduced average daily gain, yield grades, and carcass quality outcomes. The identification of biomarkers and clinical signs that accurately predict lung lesions could benefit livestock producers in determining a BRD prognosis. Herein, we used receiver operating characteristic curves to assess the predictive value of biomarkers and clinical signs associated with lung lesions after experimentally induced BRD. In the first 72 h after onset of BRD, right front stride length, gait velocity, visual analog scale score, clinical illness score, average activity level, step count, and rectal temperature yielded the best diagnostic accuracy (AUC > 0.75) for predicting calves with significant lung lesions (>10% consolidation) at necropsy. Biomarkers and clinical signs with the best diagnostic accuracy early in the disease process would likely be the most valuable in field conditions. These results can be used to guide refinement of the optimal time points and biomarkers for the diagnosis of significant lung lesions after BRD.
The original article, Assessment of diagnostic accuracy of biomarkers to assess lung consolidation in calves with induced bacterial pneumonia using receiver operating characteristic curves, is viewable in the Journal of Animal Science.