Interpretive Summary: Galyean Appreciation Club Review: revisiting nutrition and health of newly received cattle—what have we learned in the last 15 years?
By: Michael L. Galyean, Glenn C. Duff, and J. Daniel Rivera
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is a significant economic and animal welfare challenge for the beef industry. Experiments related to the health and management of newly received cattle published in the last 15 yr were reviewed. Limited progress is being made in developing accurate, real-time methods for diagnosis of BRD, and overall, diagnosis is less effective than desired. Measurement of lung and heart sounds combined with rectal temperature have been studied as diagnostic tools, as well as measurement of blood metabolites and remote monitoring of behavior. Vaccination for viral and bacterial BRD agents and mass treatment of cattle with antibiotics continue to be important tools for prevention and control of BRD, but the development of antimicrobial resistance is a concern. Energy and roughage concentration as well as roughage source continue to be important dietary considerations, as does mineral supplementation, with mineral source and injectable minerals receiving significant research attention. Probiotics and prebiotics fed to newly received cattle have shown variable results in terms of effects on the incidence of BRD and animal performance. Additional research is needed to define optimal diagnostic, management, and nutritional practices for newly received cattle.
Read the full article on the Journal of Animal Science.