Interpretive Summary: Polyamines protect boar sperm from oxidative stress in vitro
By: Rongnan Li, Xiaodong Wu, Zhendong Zhu, Yinghua Lv, Yi Zheng, Hongzhao Lu, Kaifeng Zhou, De Wu, Wenxian Zeng, Wuzi,Dong and Tao Zhang
Boar semen preservation and artificial insemination are widely used in the pig industry. Although preservation in vitro prolongs sperm lifespan, reactive oxidative species (ROS) also accumulate in sperm with the increased preservation period. ROS over-accumulation would impair motility, the integrity of plasma membrane and acrosome, mitochondrial function, and eventually lead to infertility. Spermine and spermidine are secreted in large amounts by the prostate and are potent natural free radical scavengers. Thus, we used boar sperm as a model to study the polyamines uptake and elucidate whether polyamines protected sperm from ROS stress. We found for the first time that organic cation transporters mediated polyamines uptake in sperm cells, and that extracellular polyamines decreased during preservation in vitro. The addition of polyamines increased the activities of glutathione-related antioxidant enzymes and reduced glutathione and oxidized glutathione ratio, and alleviate oxidative stress-induced mitochondrial dysfunction, lipid peroxidation, and DNA damage, thereby maintaining sperm quality in vitro. These data suggest that spermine and spermidine alleviate oxidative stress, thereby improving the efficacy of boar semen preservation.
Read the full article on the Journal of Animal Science.