Interpretive Summary: Oxidative stress biomarkers and free amino acid concentrations in the blood plasma of moderately exercised horses indicate adaptive response to prolonged exercise training
By: Elizabeth C. Ott, Clay A. Cavinder, Shangshang Wang, Trent Smith, Caleb O. Lemley, and Thu T. N. Dinh
Performance horses are subjected to numerous stressors. These stressors may subsequently impact their overall performance. The present study measured oxidative stress biomarkers in the blood of exercising horses. Horses were moderately exercised over an 8-wk period and blood plasma was collected to measure total antioxidant capacity (TAC), thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), glutathione peroxidase activity (GPx), and superoxide dismutase activity (SOD). Amino acid concentration was also evaluated. The TAC was greater on day 2 vs. day 3. The TBARS remained at pre-exercise (baseline) at most times except for increasing on day 2 of week 2 post-exercise. The GPx also remained at baseline for most times but increased on days 1 and 2 of week 2. The SOD remained at baseline until increasing at 30 min post-exercise on day 1, week 1 and at most collection times on day 3, week 8. Amino acids with antioxidant properties drastically decreased from weeks 2 to 8. Horses are exposed to a variety of physical stressors on a regular basis that may produce similar effects in the equine stress response. Understanding the response in the equine athlete when exposed to new stressors is crucial in determining how to prevent oxidative damage in future athletes.
Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.