Interpretive Summary: Effect of limestone solubility on mineral digestibility and bone ash in nursery pigs fed diets containing graded level of inorganic phosphorus or increasing dose of a novel consensus bacterial 6-phytase variant
By: Deepak E Velayudhan, Arun Kumar, Leon Marchal, Yuemig Dersjant-Li
Microbial phytase is added to commercial pig diets to increase phosphorus (P) availability and reduce P excretion. It is known that an excess of calcium (Ca), mostly sourced from limestone, can affect phytase efficacy. However, less is known about the impact of limestone quality. This study investigated the effect of a medium- compared to a high-soluble limestone (MSL and HSL, respectively), in combination with increasing dose levels of a novel phytase (PhyG), on mineral digestibility and bone mineralization in young pigs. Without phytase, total tract digestibility of P was lower with HSL than MSL, indicating a negative effect of more soluble limestone on mineral digestibility. Increasing the phytase dose increased digestibility of P with either limestone, and reduced the negative effect of HSL at high dose. Bone mineralization was unaffected by limestone but markedly increased by phytase. At 1,000 FTU/kg, PhyG released an estimated 1.89 or 2.32 g/kg of digestible P from monocalcium phosphate in diets containing MSL and HSL, respectively based on bone ash content. The results demonstrate the efficacy of PhyG in young pig diets whilst indicating that limestone solubility can affect phytase efficacy.
Read the full article on the Journal of Animal Science.