Interpretive Summary: Short Communication: Beta-adrenergic agonists alter oxidative phosphorylation in primary myoblasts
By: Renae L Sieck, Leah K Treffer, Anna M Fuller, Martonio Ponte Viana, Oleh Khalimonchuk, Ty B Schmidt, Dustin T Yates, Jessica L Petersen
Beta-adrenergic agonists (β-AAs) are supplemented to pigs and cattle to improve growth performance, carcass weight, and loin muscle area. Little is known about the mechanism taking place within individual cells by which β-AAs achieve this outcome. Previous work reported that β-AA supplementation improves the efficiency in which cells use glucose as an energy source and alters the expression of genes related to mitochondrial function, a key component of cellular energy production. To further our understanding of the impact of β-AA supplementation on these cellular functions, our objective was to identify the influence of two β-AAs used in livestock production, ractopamine HCl and zilpaterol HCl, on the mitochondrial respiratory activity of cells collected from the loin muscle and grown in culture. We isolated cells from cattle, pig, and sheep muscle and measured the oxygen consumption of the cells after treatment with ractopamine HCl, zilpaterol HCl, or with no supplement. We found that both ractopamine HCl and zilpaterol HCl enhance the efficiency of cellular energy production during a state of cellular stress in bovine muscle cells. There was no appreciable effect of the supplement on the energy production of pig or sheep cells. These data indicate that β-AA supplementation in cattle may increase the muscle cell energy production capacity compared with non-supplemented cells. This study also demonstrates that the efficiency of cell energy production is one plausible mechanism underlying species differences in the response to β-AA supplementation.
Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.