Interpretive Summary: Postbiotic effects of Lactobacillus fermentate on intestinal health, mucosa-associated microbiota, and growth efficiency of nursery pigs challenged with F18+Escherichia coli
By: Xiangyi Xu, Marcos Elias Duarte, Sung Woo Kim
Newly weaned pigs are susceptible to multiple stressors that may lead to postweaning diarrhea, thereby causing significant economic losses in the swine industry. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strains are the major agents causing diarrhea in newly weaned pigs. Subtherapeutic antibiotics have been employed by producers around the world to mitigate this issue. However, the use of antibiotics as growth promoters has become a public health concern because of microbial resistance. This study used Lactobacillus fermentate (LBF) as a postbiotic to help maintain healthy microbiota on the intestinal mucosa and to prevent postweaning diarrhea caused by E. coli F18+. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of LBF on intestinal microbiota, intestinal health, and prevention of postweaning diarrhea caused by a challenge with E. coli F18+ in newly weaned pigs. Our model confirmed that the E. coli F18+ reduced growth performance by causing diarrhea, disruption of the microbiota composition, and increased immune response and oxidative stress in the small intestine of newly weaned pigs. Lactobacillus fermentate improved growth performance, and it was related to enhanced intestinal health and increased microbiota diversity in E. coli F18+-challenged pigs.
Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.