Interpretive Summary: The effects of a Nutritional Packet (live yeast, vitamins C and B1, and electrolytes) offered during the final phase of feedlot steers on growth performance, nutrient digestion, and feeding behavior
By: Kaue T Nardi, Jhones O Sarturi, Nelson Huerta-Leidenz, Darren D Henry, Dale R Woerner, Francine M Ciriaco, Armida Sánchez-Escalante, Gastón R Torrescano-Urrutia, Kaliu G S Silva, Igor G Favero
Excessive intake of rapidly fermentable nutrients by feedlot cattle can result in clinical or subclinical disorders that impair nutrient digestion, while negatively affecting animal development and health. Incidences of subclinical digestive disturbances may increase during the last days on feed in cattle fed in confinement. Manipulation of diets with probiotics (live yeast), vitamins (C and B1), and electrolytes (NaCl and KCl) to aid subclinical digestive disorders faced by cattle offered high-energy diets was addressed in the current experiment. The use of such nutritional technologies is based on previous reports that these technologies can stabilize ruminal pH, improve nutrient digestibility, enhance rumen microbial growth and energy metabolism, reduce oxidative stress, augment immune function, and prevent vitamin deficiencies induced by energy-dense diets. Therefore, it was important to investigate the effects of a packet containing these technologies during the feedlot final days on feed. When offered to steers during the final 64 d prior to harvest, a Nutritional Packet containing live yeast, vitamins C and B1, and electrolytes improved digestibility of nutrients and carcass fat deposition, while reducing variation in feeding behavior. Such effects may warrant an earlier harvest date when animals receive the packet.
Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.