Interpretive Summary: Effects of a milk oligosaccharide biosimilar on fecal characteristics, microbiota, and bile acid, calprotectin, and immunoglobulin concentrations of healthy adult dogs treated with metronidazole
By: Sara E Belchik, Patricia M Oba, Romain Wyss, Paul T Asare, Sara Vidal, Yong Miao, Yemi Adesokan, Jan S Suchodolski, Kelly S Swanson
Our objective was to test the effects of a novel milk oligosaccharide biosimilar (GNU100) on the fecal characteristics, microbiota, and bile acid (BA) concentrations of healthy adult dogs treated with antibiotics. Dogs were fed a control diet during a 2-wk baseline, then randomly allotted to 1 of 2 treatments (diet only or diet + 1% GNU100) for another 6 wk. From weeks 2 to 4, dogs were given an oral antibiotic. Fecal scores were recorded and fresh fecal samples were collected over time to assess fecal characteristics, microbiota populations, and BA concentrations. The antibiotic was shown to increase fecal scores (looser stools) and modify fecal microbiota populations (altered diversity and ~20 bacterial genera and families) and BA profiles (increased primary and reduced secondary BA). Most antibiotic-induced changes returned to baseline by week 8. In dogs fed GNU100, fecal scores were more stable and changes to microbial diversity were lower than controls after antibiotic administration. Fecal microbiota and secondary BA of GNU100-fed dogs also returned to baseline levels at a quicker rate than controls. These results suggest that GNU100 provides benefits to dogs given antibiotics, providing more stable fecal scores, maintaining microbial diversity, and allowing for quicker recovery of microbiota and BA profiles.
Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.