Interpretive Summary: Effects of weight loss and feeding specially formulated diets on the body composition, blood metabolite profiles, voluntary physical activity, and fecal metabolites and microbiota of obese dogs
By: Patrícia M Oba, Janelle Kelly, Darcia Kostiuk, Kelly S Swanson
In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of restricted feeding of specially formulated foods on weight loss, body composition, voluntary physical activity, serum hormones and oxidative stress markers, and fecal metabolites and microbiota populations of obese dogs. A control (OR) food was fed during a 4-wk baseline to identify intake needed to maintain the body weight (BW). After baseline, dogs were allotted to one of two diets: OR or test (FT) and then fed to lose 1.5% BW per week for 24 wk. Restricted feeding and weight loss led to reduced BW, body condition score, fat mass, and blood cholesterol, triglyceride, glucose and leptin concentrations and increased muscle condition score and lean body mass percentage. The reduction in blood cholesterol was greater in dogs fed FT vs. OR. Fecal metabolites and bacterial alpha-diversity were affected by diet and weight loss, with dogs fed with OR having a higher alpha-diversity than those fed with FT. Restricted feeding and weight loss increased alpha-diversity, affected beta-diversity, and impacted the relative abundances of nearly 20 bacterial genera. In summary, restricted feeding with high-protein, low-starch kibble diets promoted safe weight and fat loss, reduced blood lipid and leptin concentrations, and altered fecal microbiota of obese dogs.
Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.