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Interpretive Summary: Dose-response relationship between dietary choline and serum lipid profile, energy expenditure, and respiratory quotient in overweight adult cats fed at maintenance energy requirements

By: Alexandra Rankovic, Hannah Godfrey, Caitlin E Grant, Anna K Shoveller, Marica Bakovic, Gordon Kirby, Adronie Verbrugghe

Choline is an essential nutrient important for lipid metabolism in the liver of many mammals. In the present study, fourteen overweight cats had their commercial extruded cat food top-dressed with different amounts of choline chloride supplement. The amounts of choline were based on the individual body weights and the published recommended allowance (RA) for dietary choline intake in adult cats. The choline treatments were control (no additional choline added, 1.2 × RA), 2 × RA, 4 × RA, 6 × RA, and 8 × RA. The cats were separated into five groups. Each group received the choline treatments once daily for 3 wk per treatment. Choline at 6 × RA increased serum cholesterol, triglycerides, and lipoproteins. There were no significant differences in respiratory quotient or energy expenditure with choline intake. The results of this study suggest that choline at 6 × RA increases the transport of lipids from the liver. This may be beneficial in supporting liver health in overweight cats. Future studies should investigate supplementing choline to cats undergoing weight loss and those at risk of developing fatty liver.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science