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Interpretive Summary: Effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product-supplemented diet on fecal characteristics, oxidative stress, and blood gene expression of adult dogs undergoing transport stress

By: Sofia M Wilson, Patricia M Oba, Catherine C Applegate, Samantha A Koziol, Matthew R Panasevich, Sharon A Norton, Kelly S Swanson

Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (SCFP) is a yeast product containing bioactive fermentation metabolites, residual yeast cells, and yeast cell wall fragments. In this study, SCFP was investigated for its impacts on fecal characteristics and oxidative stress of dogs undergoing transport stress. Using a randomized crossover study design, 16 adult pointer dogs were used to compare changes in fecal characteristics, oxidative stress marker concentrations, and gene expression when fed a SCFP-supplemented diet or control diet. After transport, change in serum malondialdehyde concentrations increased and serum 8-isoprostane concentrations tended to increase in dogs fed SCFP, but decreased in control dogs. Fecal moisture percentage tended to be affected by diet during transport stress, being reduced in control dogs, but stable in dogs fed SCFP. Blood cyclooxygenase-2 and myeloperoxidase mRNA gene expression was affected by diet during transport stress, being increased in control dogs, but stable or decreased in dogs fed SCFP. In conclusion, these data suggest that the benefits of feeding a SCFP during transport stress may be mitigated through suppression of innate immune cell activation rather than through suppressing oxidative damage to lipids.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.