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Interpretive Summary: The effects of standardized ileal digestible His to Lys ratio on growth performance, intestinal health, and mobilization of histidine-containing proteins in pigs at 7 to 11 kg body weight

By: Yi-Chi Cheng, Hye-lim Lee, Yunil Hwang, Sung Woo Kim

Histidine is an essential amino acid for protein synthesis, but it also plays a vital role in the metabolic system of pigs. An accurate assessment of His requirement provides pivotal information for efficient growth and health of pigs. Growth performance and plasma His concentration have been used to assess His requirement, but they may not be the effective parameters due to the contribution of His from mobilization of His-containing proteins, such as hemoglobin, carnosine, and pancreatic enzymes. Hemoglobin is a transport protein and the main component in red blood cells, enabling oxygen transport throughout the body. Most carnosine is stored in muscles at 3 to 4 g/kg wet weight and has antioxidative effects to prevent cells from oxidative damages. In addition, His has a critical role in serine peptidases as a part of the catalytic triad. In this study, growth performance did not respond to His deficiency due to the compensation of His from His-containing proteins and potentially due to a short experimental period. Standardized ileal digestible His to Lys ratio between 35% and 41% maximized concentrations of His-containing proteins and enhanced intestinal health in pigs at 7 to 11 kg body weight. This study indicated that hemoglobin, carnosine, and trypsinogen are effective response criteria when determining His requirement.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.