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Interpretive Summary: The 13C-bicarbonate technique as a tool for measurement of energy expenditure in overweight dogs undergoing body weight reduction and the effect of different dietary composition

By: Caroline Marcussen, Astrid Andersen, Nanna Dietrich, Dominique Blache, Peter K Theil, Vincent Biourge, Anne-Helene Tauson

The most common nutritional disorder in dogs is overweight, and knowledge about dogs’ energy requirement is therefore important to adjust daily feed allowance. Changes in body weight may affect energy expenditure (EE) and, thereby, energy requirement. This study aimed to measure such potential changes under resting conditions in overweight dogs. It was found that the minimally invasive 13C-bicarbonate technique was a useful research method for studies regarding EE during weight loss (WL) in dogs. EE decreased when the dogs lost weight, and energy allowance needed to be reduced to maintain WL. The second objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of feeding diets with different macronutrient compositions on EE, rate of WL, body composition, and plasma concentrations of hormones involved in energy metabolism and appetite regulation. The mean WL rate was slightly higher for dogs fed a diet with high protein, low fat, and high crude fiber contents than those fed a carbohydrate-free diet with a high protein and fat contents. However, diet did not affect the resting EE, measured plasma hormone concentrations, or the total WL at the end of the study.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.