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Effect of 3-nitrooxypropanol on enteric methane emissions of feedlot cattle fed with a tempered barley-based diet with canola oil

By: Amelia K Almeida, Frances Cowley, Joe P McMeniman, Alex Karagiannis, Nicola Walker, Luis F M Tamassia, Joseph J McGrath, Roger S Hegarty

Livestock methane (CH4) is the main source of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in agriculture, contributing to 11.6% of global GHGs emissions from human-related activities. Therefore, mitigating CH4 emissions from ruminant animals is a great opportunity for meeting the current climate targets. In this experiment, increasing inclusion rates of a promising CH4-mitigating compound, 3-nitrooxypropanol (3-NOP, from 50 to 125 mg of 3-NOP/kg of dry matter [DM]), were added to a barley-based feedlot diet containing 25 ppm of monensin and 7% fat (DM-basis) and fed to Angus steers. Under these conditions, increasing inclusion rate of 3-NOP reduced both production and yield of CH4 by up to 90%. Rumen fermentation, feed intake, and average daily gain were not affected by the 3-NOP dose. Our results on the potential CH4 suppression of 3-NOP may assist the feedlot industry towards sustainability by lowering its GHG output.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.