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Interpretive Summary: Boundaries for genotype, phenotype, and pedigree truncation in genomic evaluations in pigs

By: Fernando Bussiman, Ching-Yi ChenJustin Holl, Matias BermannAndres LegarraIgnacy MisztalDaniela Lourenco

Recording data for long years is common in animal breeding and genetics. However, the larger the data, the higher the computing cost of the analysis, especially with genomic information. This study aimed to investigate the impact of removing data, namely, genotypes, phenotypes, and pedigree, on the computing performance and prediction ability of genomic breeding values. We tested four scenarios to remove genotyped individuals in pig populations. For each scenario, phenotypes were removed according to birth year, and the pedigree was either kept complete or traced back from two to three generations. Reliabilities for young, genotyped animals did not differ after removing genotypes for older or less important animals. However, using only two generations of data slightly reduces the reliability for young, genotyped animals. The dispersion did not change across the studied scenarios, and its worst value was observed when using only one generation in the pedigree. Using the last ten years of phenotypes, a pedigree depth of three generations, and removing genotyped animals not contributing own or progeny phenotypes reduces computing cost with no change in the ability to predict breeding values.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.