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Interpretive Summary: Evaluation of a novel phytase derived from Citrobacter braakii and expressed in Aspergillis oryzae on growth performance and bone mineralization indicators in nursery pigs

By: Macie E Reeb, Jason C Woodworth, Robert D Goodband, Mike D Tokach, Joel M DeRouchey, Jordan T Gebhardt, Jon R Bergstrom

Approximately 60% to 80% of phosphorus (P) in feedstuffs of plant origin is stored in the form of phytic acid. Phytase is an enzyme used in swine diets to improve the digestibility of phytate-bound P. As phytase sources continue to advance, their efficacy must be evaluated. In this study, nursery pigs (9 kg) were used to determine the efficacy of a novel phytase derived from Citrobacter braakii and expressed in Aspergillis oryzae in releasing phytate-bound P. Increasing phytase added to diets deficient in aP improved growth performance and bone mineralization. Adding phytase to a diet already adequate in aP did not affect growth performance, but improved bone mineralization indicators. Available P release attributed to phytase was estimated using growth performance and found to be 0.170% for 600 FYT/kg and 0.206% for 1,000 FYT/kg. For the average of all bone measures, the estimated aP release was 0.120% for 600 FYT/kg and 0.125% for 1,000 FYT/kg. Results of this study indicate an increasing release of phytate-bound P with increasing additions of the novel phytase tested in nursery diets and confirm that additional P is needed for bone development compared to growth.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.