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Interpretive Summary: Dietary glycine supplementation enhances the growth performance of hybrid striped bass (Morone saxatilis ♀× Morone chrysops ♂) fed soybean meal-based diets

By: Xinyu Li, Wenliang He, Guoyao Wu

Animal agriculture (including aquaculture) provides high-quality protein for improving human nutrition and health. The United States is the top producer of hybrid striped bass (HSB) in the world as both food and sport fish. Fishmeal has traditionally been used as the major protein feedstuff in HSB diets, but feeding fish with fishmeal is not sustainable in the industry. Over the past four decades, there have been extensive studies to replace fishmeal with plant-sourced feedstuffs (mainly soybean meal) in aquafeeds at variable success. It has now been recognized that the content of glycine (the most abundant amino acid in the animal body) in soybean meal is only about half of that in fishmeal. Results of this study indicate that glycine is inadequate for normal intestinal structure or maximum growth in HSB fed soybean meal-based diets. Supplementing 1% or 2% glycine to these diets increased protein accretion, skeletal-muscle hypertrophy, and weight gain in HSB, while improving their intestinal structure. These findings indicate an important role for a sufficient provision of dietary glycine in the optimal nutrition, health, and growth of HSB, and have broad implications for developing low-fishmeal diets to enhance fish production and sustain animal agriculture.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.