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Interpretive Summary: The effect of bone and analytical methods on the assessment of bone mineralization response to dietary phosphorus, phytase, and vitamin D in nursery pigs

By: Hadley R Williams, Taylor E Chin, Mike D Tokach, Jason C Woodworth, Joel M DeRouchey, Robert D Goodband, Jon R Bergstrom, Michael C Rahe, Christopher L Siepker, Panchan Sitthicharoenchai, Scott L Radke, Steve M Ensley, Jordan T Gebhardt

Lameness is defined as impaired movement or deviation from normal gait. There are many factors that can contribute to lameness, including but not limited to: infectious disease, genetic and conformational anomaly, and toxicity that affects the bone, muscle, and nervous systems. Metabolic bone disease is another cause of lameness in swine production and can be caused by inappropriate levels of essential vitamins or minerals. To understand and evaluate bone mineralization, it is important to understand the differences in diagnostic results between different bones and analytical techniques. Historically, percentage bone ash has been used as one of the procedures to assess metabolic bone disease as it measures the level of bone mineralization; however, procedures and results vary depending on the methodology and type of bone measured. Differences in bone density and ash in response to dietary P and vitamin D were most apparent in the fibulas and second ribs. There were apparent differences in the percentage of bone ash between defatted and non-defatted bone; however, the differences between the treatments remain consistent regardless of the analytic procedure. For histopathology, 10th ribs were more sensitive than 2nd ribs or fibulas for detection of lesions associated with metabolic bone disease.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.