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Interpretive Summary: Evaluation of multienzyme supplementation and fiber levels on nutrient and energy digestibility of diets fed to gestating sows and growing pigs

By: Garrin L Shipman, Jorge Y Perez-Palencia, Anna Rogiewicz, Rob. Patterson, Crystal. L Levesque

Fiber-degrading enzymes have been extensively studied in growing pigs with minimal studies focusing on gestating sows; however, commercial gestating sow diets often contain more fiber than grower pig diets to stimulate the sensation of satiety without influencing weight gain. A challenge with dietary fiber is its hindrance on digestibility of nutrients. Supplementation of multienzyme blends increases nutrient digestibility of fibrous diets in grower pigs, but there is little data characterizing the effects of fiber-degrading enzymes in gestation diets for pregnant sows. In this study, inclusion of a multienzyme comprised of various carbohydrases and a protease in gestation diets increased apparent total tract digestibility of nutrients and energy for both gestating sows and growing pigs; however, digestibility of non-starch polysaccharides was only improved in growing pigs. Enzyme supplementation to gestating sow diets had limited impact on the ileal digestibility of nutrients, but ileal digestibility of amino acids and crude protein was reduced when gestating sows were fed diets higher in neutral detergent fiber. When formulating high-fiber diets for gestating sows and growing pigs using similar ingredients, it is critical to consider the differences in digestibility of fibrous components, particularly regarding ileal digestibility of amino acids.

Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.