Interpretive Summary: Biomarkers for monitoring the equine large intestinal inflammatory response to stress-induced dysbiosis and probiotic supplementation
By: Axelle Collinet, Pauline Grimm, Emmanuel Jacotot, Véronique Julliand
Horses can suffer from intestinal barrier disruption leading to permeability associated with local inflammation, which can result in discomfort and even disease. Intestinal barrier disruption may be a consequence of microbiota disturbances in the large intestine. Therefore, this study investigated the use of blood and fecal biomarkers for noninvasively assessing intestinal barrier permeability and inflammatory responses to microbial alterations. Two biomarkers were evaluated in healthy horses that were subjected to antibiotic- and diet-induced large intestine bacterial disturbances. Notably, the blood levels of the biomarkers increased 2 d after the cessation of both treatments, reflecting an abnormal intestinal barrier permeability. By contrast, the levels of fecal biomarker detected did not indicate the presence of inflammation. However, levels of the two biomarkers were significantly correlated with several bacterial variations in the feces, supporting the hypothesis that a relationship exists between microbiota disturbances and intestinal barrier disruption in the large intestine of horses.
Read the full article in the Journal of Animal Science.