Featured Articles

  • Nov
    02
    Interpretive Summary: Feeding 3-nitrooxypropanol reduces methane emissions by feedlot cattle on tropical conditions


    During fiber digestion in the rumen, enteric methane is produced. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas. Recently several studies have focused on developing synthetic compounds and their utilization as specific inhibitors of methanogenesis.

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  • Nov
    02
    Interpretive Summary: Evaluation of a novel phytase derived from Citrobacter braakii and expressed in Aspergillis oryzae on growth performance and bone mineralization indicators in nursery pigs


    Approximately 60% to 80% of phosphorus (P) in feedstuffs of plant origin is stored in the form of phytic acid. Phytase is an enzyme used in swine diets to improve the digestibility of phytate-bound P. As phytase sources continue to advance, their efficacy must be evaluated.

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  • Nov
    02
    Interpretive Summary: Development of adaptability of foreign breeds of water buffalo in Philippine tropical climate


    Heat stress disturbs the body’s normal behavioral, immunological, and physiological functions through direct and indirect actions facilitated by alterations in energy balance. Overall, heat stress impairs animal productivity.

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  • Nov
    02
    Interpretive Summary: Matching livestock to landscape: a proposal of metrics to phenotype grazing distribution from Global Navigation Satellite System collar data


    Grazing lands cover above one-third of Earth’s ice-free terrestrial surface, playing a key role as suppliers of ecosystem services, such as livestock feed production, water supply, erosion control, carbon storage, biodiversity conservation, etc. Since grasslands are reliant on weather, primarily rainfall and temperature, climate variability largely affects their performance.

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  • Oct
    26
    Interpretive Summary: EATS Act opposition letter sent to Agriculture Committee


    A group of House Republicans recently sent a letter to Congress, calling for the opposition of the Ending Agricultural Trade Suppression Act (EATS Act). The bill would prohibit state laws that impose additional requirements on agriculture producers in other states.

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  • Oct
    26
    Interpretive Summary: FDA guidance regarding antimicrobial drugs in livestock open for public comments


    The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has published draft guidance for defining the appropriate duration of use in antibiotics used in the feed of food-producing animals and is seeking public comment. The guidance provides information to sponsors of certain antimicrobial animal drug products who are interested in voluntarily establishing appropriately defined durations of therapeutic administration to food-producing animals where none currently exist.

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  • Oct
    26
    Interpretive Summary: Over 27 million dollars given to underserved and veteran farmers


    The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has announced over $27 million in grants to underserved and veteran farmers, ranchers, and foresters. The funding will provide training, outreach, and technical assistance to help them own and operate successful farms, ranches, and forest lands.

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  • Oct
    26
    Interpretive Summary: The American Farmers Feed the World Act of 2023 is introduced


    The American Farmers Feed the World Act of 2023 was introduced to ensure that United States-grown commodities remain the cornerstone of international food aid. Currently, the United States Agency for International Development’s Food for Peace Program funds much of the nation's food aid. Under the terms of the bill, the program would be required to spend at least half its funds on purchasing and distributing American commodities.

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  • Oct
    26
    Interpretive Summary: The Butcher Block Act is introduced


    The Butcher Block Act was recently introduced into the Senate by Senators Michael Bennet (D-CO) and Jerry Moran (R-KS) to increase competition and capacity in the meat processing industry. The Butcher Block Act would create grant and loan opportunities through the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to enable small and mid-sized meat processing facilities to expand their operations.

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  • Oct
    26
    Interpretive Summary: USDA announces awards for dairy businesses


    The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced an investment of $23 million to support dairy businesses and producers under the Dairy Business Innovation Initiatives (DBI) grant program. The initiatives support small and mid-sized dairy businesses in the development, production, marketing, and distribution of dairy products.

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  • Oct
    26
    Interpretive Summary: USDA expands school meal eligibility


    More students will have access to school meals due to the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) recent announcement that expands the availability of the Community Eligibility Provision (CEP) program. The announcement means that an estimated 3,000 more school districts in high-need areas will now have the option to serve breakfast and lunch to all students at no cost.

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  • Oct
    26
    Interpretive Summary: USDA increases access to school meals as well as new partnership


    The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has announced a new partnership with the Urban School Food Alliance to help schools continue to invest in nutritious school meals. The over $60 million in grants will provide training and tools to school districts that will help them purchase high-quality foods while keeping costs low. In recent years schools have faced challenges in obtaining healthy foods consistently, efficiently, and effectively.

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  • Oct
    26
    Interpretive Summary: USDA invests in programs to reduce food waste


    The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has announced funding to expand efforts to prevent and reduce food loss and waste. The investment, funded under the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA), is part of a joint agency initiative between USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) and USDA’s Office of the Chief Economist (OCE). According to the USDA, over one-third of all available food goes uneaten through loss or waste, in the United States.

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  • Oct
    19
    Interpretive Summary: Supplementation with rumen-inert fat in the growing phase altered adipogenic gene expression and the size and number of adipocytes in Hanwoo steers


    Rumen inert fat (RIF) is a type of fat supplement that is used in the diets of beef cattle as early as 6 mo of age in calves and continues through the finishing period to improve the dietary energy density which can be used by the animal to deposit more lipid in the muscle tissue. However, for Hanwoo beef cattle, the precise time of RIF supplementation has not yet been determined.

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  • Oct
    19
    Interpretive Summary: Effects of polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on plasma and follicular fluid resolvin D1 concentration and mRNA abundance in granulosa cells in ewes


    The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of increasing dietary omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation on plasma and follicular fluid resolvin D1 (RvD1) concentration, and the mRNA expression of genes related to RvD1 synthesis, inflammatory response, oxidative stress, reproductive hormone receptors and production, and free fatty acid receptors in ewes.

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  • Oct
    19
    Interpretive Summary: Environmental impact potential of insect production chains for food and feed in Europe


    The current food systems are facing several sustainability problems. One major issue is the environmental impact of food production, which contributes to climate change, deforestation, and biodiversity loss (Poore and Nemecek, 2018).

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  • Oct
    19
    Interpretive Summary: Are insects a solution for feeding ruminants? Legislation, scientific evidence, and future challenges


    The growing interest of the scientific community on the inclusion of insect-derived products in ruminant diets is leading to a boost of research papers on this topic. Even though in absolute terms the increase in the number of published papers is limited—because limited is also the literature on this topic...

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  • Oct
    19
    Interpretive Summary: Development of genetically improved tropical-adapted dairy cattle


    According to recent estimates, about 80% of cattle reside in tropical or subtropical regions (Cooke et al., 2020a). The number of farmers and consumers, as well as overall production (e.g., annual milk production), is also greater in the tropics. However, cattle productivity in these regions is underwhelming compared with most temperate zones characterized by high-input farming practices and yields correlated with the fitness of the breeds to their system.

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  • Oct
    19
    Interpretive Summary: Breeds and lines of sheep suitable for production in challenging environments


    The adaptability and success of sheep are confirmed by the fact that they are the world’s most diverse mammalian livestock species, contributing some 25% to the global number of farm animal breeds (Cottle, 2010). The latter author showed that the ovine species is indeed globally successful and present in farming landscapes throughout the world, ranging from arid to high rainfall areas and from sea level to the highest mountains.

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  • Oct
    12
    Interpretive Summary: Rumen and cecum bacteria of beef cattle that differ in feed efficiency fed a forage diet


    Feed is one of the greatest costs associated with beef production. Modifying the efficiency that feed is used offers a potential mechanism to improve production efficiency.

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