Featured Articles

  • Jul
    27
    Feds Feed Families 2022 launched


    food pantry
    The United States Department of Agriculture has announced the kickoff of the 13th annual Feds Feed Families Program. The program is a voluntary food drive that encourages employees from all federal agencies to give in-kind contributions, food, services, or time, to food banks and pantries of their choice.

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  • Jul
    27
    FDA finalizes FSMA animal feed guidance


    animal feed
    The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has finalized the Guidance for Industry (GFI) #245: Hazard Analysis and Risk-Based Preventive Controls for Food for Animals (FSMA) to help animal food facilities develop a food safety plan that complies with FDA’s Hazard Analysis and Risk-Based Preventive Controls requirements.

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  • Jul
    27
    FAO price index continues to fall, but higher than 2021


    food prices
    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has released the June 2022 FAO Food Price Index. While the Price Index fell from May 2022, it is still higher than the previous year.

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  • Jul
    27
    Ag organizations call for conformation on chief ag negotiator


    field
    Almost 100 agricultural and food organizations have sent a letter to the United States Senate Committee on Finance urging the swift confirmation of Doug McKalip as the chief agricultural negotiator at the Office of the United States Trade Representative. McKalip was nominated in June 2022 after the withdrawal of the previous chief ag negotiator nominee.

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  • Jul
    21
    Infographic: NE1727 Multistate Research Project: Influence of Ovary, Uterus, and Embryo on Pregnancy Success in Ruminants (Part 2)


    cow
    Members of the NE1727 Multistate Research Project: Influence of Ovary, Uterus, and Embryo on Pregnancy Success in Ruminants have compiled a set of manuscripts that represents their past and current efforts defining the factors underlying and affecting maternal recognition of pregnancy and embryo survival in cattle (Mathew et al., 2022).

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  • Jul
    21
    Infographic: NE1727 Multistate Research Project: Influence of Ovary, Uterus, and Embryo on Pregnancy Success in Ruminants


    pregnant cow
    Members of the NE1727 Multistate Research Project: Influence of Ovary, Uterus, and Embryo on Pregnancy Success in Ruminants have compiled a set of manuscripts that represents their past and current efforts defining the importance of oocyte quality, follicle growth and the corpus luteum (CL) to pregnancy success (Bishop et al., 2022).

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  • Jul
    21
    Interpretive Summary: Bioactive supplements influencing bovine in vitro embryo development


    cow
    Ovum pickup and in-vitro production (IVP) of bovine embryos have quickly become commercial options for generating large quantities of transferable bovine embryos from genetically elite sires and dams. However, 2 limitations in this process still exist.

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  • Jul
    21
    Interpretive Summary: Harnessing the value of reproductive hormones in cattle production with considerations to animal welfare and human health


    welfare
    The animal production industry is responsible for providing products like meat, dairy, and egg products to the growing human population of the world. Within each sector, there are production practices that can improve the overall productivity of the animals and contribute to their welfare.

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  • Jul
    21
    Interpretive Summary: Increasing vitamin D levels to improve fertilization rates in cattle


    cattle
    Vitamin D is an important hormone that among other things, contributes to bone health, immunity, and reproduction. Recently, research has linked vitamin D to fertility in other species (primates), and therefore the objectives of the current research were to determine if mild supplementation with Vitamin D impacted fertility in female cattle.

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  • Jul
    21
    Interpretive Summary: Preovulatory follicle contributions to oocyte competence in cattle: importance of the ever-evolving intrafollicular environment leading up to the luteinizing hormone surge


    cow
    This review focuses on intrafollicular changes that occur within the dominant follicle from luteolysis to the LH surge and discusses recent advancements in the literature related to how such changes support oocyte competence.

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  • Jul
    21
    Interpretive Summary: Dose-response relationship between dietary choline and serum lipid profile, energy expenditure, and respiratory quotient in overweight adult cats fed at maintenance energy requirements


    cat
    Choline is an essential nutrient important for lipid metabolism in the liver of many mammals. In the present study, fourteen overweight cats had their commercial extruded cat food top-dressed with different amounts of choline chloride supplement.

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  • Jul
    21
    Interpretive Summary: Genomic evaluation and genome-wide association studies for total number of teats in a combined American and Danish Yorkshire pig populations selected in China


    genetics
    This study aimed at investigating joint genomic evaluation by combining data from multiple pig populations. Genomic evaluation is commonly applied in the pig industry to select the best animals to be the parents for the next generation.

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  • Jul
    21
    Interpretive Summary: Effects of bamboo leaf extract intervention on the growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and hepatic apoptosis in suckling piglets


    Suckling Pig
    Neonatal piglets suffer from severe birth oxidative stress due to the immaturity of their antioxidant system. In vitro and in vivo studies have now shown that the function of the antioxidant system can be modulated by bamboo leaf extract (BLE).

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  • Jul
    21
    Interpretive Summary: Constant light exposure in early life induces m6A-mediated inhibition of IGF gene family in the chicken


    Broiler Chicken
    Aberrant light exposure (such as light at night and super-intensity light) induces sleep disturbances and mood disorders, as well as major depressive disorder. In poultry, photoperiod is an important factor affecting the growth and behavior of broiler chickens.

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  • Jul
    14
    Interpretive Summary: Effects of particle size and phytase supplementation on apparent and standardized total tract digestibility of phosphorus in hybrid rye fed to growing pigs


    TS, growing pig, 100 x 100 (1)
    Cereal grains such as corn, wheat, and barley are widely used as an energy source in swine diets. However, due to their recent soaring prices, it is necessary to use alternative feedstuffs for swine. New commercial hybrid rye with improved ergot resistance and higher yield has been developed.

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  • Jul
    14
    Interpretive Summary: Effects of supplemental myo-inositol on growth performance and apparent total tract digestibility of weanling piglets fed reduced protein high-phytate diets and intestinal epithelial cell proliferation and function


    TS, piglet, 100 x 100 (2)
    After weaning, piglets undergo various kinds of stress that limit feed intake and nutrient digestibility. Much of the effects are strongest at the still-developing gastrointestinal tract where active feed digestion and nutrient uptake takes place.

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  • Jul
    14
    Interpretive Summary: Effects of dietary energy density and supplemental rumen undegradable protein on intake, viscera, and carcass composition of lambs recovering from nutritional restriction


    TS, lamb, 100 x 100
    Animal performance is determined by the combined effects of both prior and current nutrition. The present study used a 2 × 3 × 4 factorial to examine the effects of prior feeding level (HI or LO) on subsequent ad-libitum intake of diets varying in energy density (7.8, 9.2, 10.7 MJ/kg DM) and level of supplemental rumen undegradable protein (RUP; 0, 30, 60, and 90g/d).

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  • Jul
    14
    Interpretive Summary: Form of dietary selenium affects mRNA encoding cholesterol biosynthesis and immune response elements in the early luteal phase bovine corpus luteum


    TS, mRNA, 100 x 100
    In regions with soils deficient in selenium (Se), producers should supplement this trace mineral to the diet of forage-grazing cattle. We previously reported that circulating concentrations of progesterone (P4) are affected by the form of Se supplemented to cows.

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  • Jul
    14
    Interpretive Summary: Preovulatory follicular fluid and serum metabolome profiles in lactating beef cows with thin, moderate, and obese body condition


    TS, nursing beef cow, 100 x 100
    Extremes in body condition affect fertility and pregnancy outcomes in beef cows. Much research has been done in women and dairy cows to evaluate body condition’s effect on oocyte and embryo quality, pregnancy rates, and pregnancy outcomes.

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  • Jul
    14
    Interpretive Summary: Insights from two independent transcriptomic studies of the bovine corpus luteum during pregnancy


    TS, cattle production, 100 x 100
    Reproductive efficiency is necessary for the financial and environmental sustainability of cattle production. A critical component of this efficiency is the maintenance of pregnancy. The corpus luteum (CL) is a transient ovarian endocrine gland that produces progesterone—the hormone that maintains pregnancy in all mammals.

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